Charles Henry Bennett was an illustrator’s illustrator; a modest — and un-schooled but very talented — artist born in 1828 in London and working in that period of the Victorian era that was the “Golden Age of Caricaturists,” a contemporary of Thomas Nast and Honoré Daumier. His life was tragically short, only 38 years, yet his output was prolific. His work frequently appeared in Punch as well as newspapers. His style was as biting, satiric, and moral as his peers who exaggerated the features of public officials and public fools. Bennett preferred beguiling the viewer by dressing animals up as people. At first glance the effect is cute but closer examination reveals a depth of characterization that is unexpected.
Illustrations by Bennett are on our Animal ABCs collage sheets.
Illustrated by the likes of Leech, Keene, du Maurier, Bennett and Tenniel, the artful presentation of satire in Punch was enhanced by the beautifully crafted lettering for which the publication has become known to typophiles throughout the world. Although caricatures of public and political figures were frequently woven into fanciful initials, lettering in Punch also reflected Britain’s enthusiastic interest in topics ranging from the military to fashion, from sports to the animal world.
(The hunchbacked Punch is based on Punch and Judy, and from the earlier stock character Punchinello from the Italian Commedia dell'Arte. More info on Commedia will be forthcoming.)
Thomas Nast “invented” the image popularly recognized as Santa Claus. Nast first drew Santa Claus for the 1862 Christmas season Harper’s Weekly cover and center-fold illustration to memorialize the family sacrifices of the Union during the early and darkest days of the Civil War. When Nast created his image of Santa Claus he was drawing on his native German tradition of Saint Nicholas, a fourth century bishop known for his kindness and generosity. In the German Christian tradition December 6 was (and is) Saint Nicholas day, a festival day honoring Saint Nicholas and a day of gift giving. Nast combined this tradition of Saint Nicholas with other German folk traditions of elves to draw his Santa in 1862. Santa Claus thrived thereafter in American culture both Christian and secular.
Based on a traditional rhyme, we’ve created our own Christmas ABCs collage sheets from Victorian sources including many Thomas Nast illustrations.
Mary Cowden Clarke's 3-volume The Girlhood of Shakespeare's Heroines (1851) created the early biographies of the women before we meet them in the plays. Many of the illustrations in our Shakespeare's Heroines ABCs collage sheets are from the Clarke books, showing the young women in contemporary Victorian clothing and hair styles.